Improvement of Solid Waste Treatment in Kwashe

Duhok Governorate - Kurdistan Region of Iraq

October 31, 2021

The Programme

The “Resilience and Social Cohesion Programme (RSCP) - Strengthening the resilience of host communities and Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq (Kurdistan)” is a regional Programme funded by the European Union Trust Fund “MADAD” and implemented by the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS) and the French Development Agency (AFD) with a total budget of EUR 22,045,500. The component implemented by the Italian Cooperation has a total allocation of EUR 12,595,500. It aims at improving the coverage and quality of basic social services provided to the most vulnerable host communities affected by the influx of Syrian refugees, as well as to the Syrian refugees (and IDPs in Iraqi Kurdistan), while empowering local communities socially and economically and decreasing inter and intra-community tensions. Moreover, in line with national priorities (crisis response plans), it aims at building the capacities of national institutions, both at central and local levels, and at strengthening the role of the civil society (NGOs and CSOs), providing effective instruments to enable the development of medium and long-term sustainable delivery solutions.

1. Nature of the project

In October 2021, the European Union Regional Trust Fund and AICS, together with the Directorate of Municipalities in Duhok, completed the rehabilitation of the Solid Waste Treatment Plant in Kwashe, Duhok.

2. Results achieved

The intervention has provided better access to solid waste treatment services to approximately 862,111 persons (594,021 persons from the host community, 202,593 IDPs and 65,497 Syrian refugees). 195 beneficiaries (133 men and 62 women) have benefitted from job opportunities provided by the project, for a total of 3,648 working days. 39% from the host communities, 33% from Iraqi IDPs, and 28% from Syrian refugees.

Each beneficiary has been remunerated with an average salary of EUR 579 for 28 days of work.
Implemented by Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS)

Funded by European Union Trust Fund (MADAD)

Overal Budget EUR 12.5 million

Term June 2022

Sub-project Budget EUR 527,799

AICS/EUTF Contribution EUR 473,799

Sub-project completion date October 2021

Partners Directorate of Municipalities in Duhok, Ministry of Planning

Target Groups IDPs, Syrian refugees, local population (host community)


  • Livelihood
  • Protection
  • Basic services
  • Urban development

Specific Objectives

1. To provide national and local authorities with effective instruments to perform early recovery and resilience activities
2. To develop and strengthen access to basic social infrastructures and services for the most vulnerable people in the main areas affected by the influx of Syrian refugees
3. To improve income generation opportunities of the most vulnerable local communities and Syrian refugees