Road to Rawanga Camp

Duhok Governorate - Kurdistan Region of Iraq

August 31, 2021

The Programme

The “Resilience and Social Cohesion Programme (RSCP) - Strengthening the resilience of host communities and Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq (Kurdistan)” is a regional Programme funded by the European Union Trust Fund “MADAD” and implemented by the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS) and the French Development Agency (AFD) with a total budget of EUR 22,045,500. The component implemented by the Italian Cooperation has a total allocation of EUR 12,595,500. It aims at improving the coverage and quality of basic social services provided to the most vulnerable host communities affected by the influx of Syrian refugees, as well as to the Syrian refugees (and IDPs in Iraqi Kurdistan), while empowering local communities socially and economically and decreasing inter and intra-community tensions. Moreover, in line with national priorities (crisis response plans), it aims at building the capacities of national institutions, both at central and local levels, and at strengthening the role of the civil society (NGOs and CSOs), providing effective instruments to enable the development of medium and long-term sustainable delivery solutions.

1. Nature of the project

In August 2021, the European Union Regional Trust Fund and AICS, together with the Governorate of Duhok, have completed the rehabilitation of a 5 km access road to Rawanga Yazidi Camp in Sumel, Duhok.

2. Results achieved

The intervention has provided better access to hospitals, markets, schools, job opportunities and other facilities to approximately 41,000 individuals (26,500 local inhabitants, 14,500 IDPs in Rawanga camp). 184 beneficiaries (129 men and 55 women) have benefited from job opportunities provided by the project, for a total of 3,648 working days. 39% from the host communities, 31% from Iraqi IDPs, and 30% from Syrian Refugees.

Each beneficiary has been remunerated with an average salary of EUR 450 for 20 days of work.

Project Partners

Implemented by Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS)

Funded by European Union Trust Fund (MADAD)

Overal Budget EUR 12.5 million

Term June 2022

Sub-project Budget EUR 392,933

AICS/EUTF Contribution EUR 349,883

Sub-project completion date August 2021

Partners Governorate of Duhok, Ministry of Planning

Target Groups IDPs mainly Yazidi, Syrian refugees, local population (host community)


  • Livelihood
  • Protection
  • Basic services
  • Urban development

Specific Objectives

1. To provide national and local authorities with effective instruments to perform early recovery and resilience activities
2. To develop and strengthen access to basic social infrastructures and services for the most vulnerable people in the main areas affected by the influx of Syrian refugees
3. To improve income generation opportunities of the most vulnerable local communities and Syrian refugees

Project Partners